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यो दिवस सर्वप्रथम ल्याटिन अमेरिकाबाट शुरु भएको हो । सन १९८१ को नोभेम्वर २५ का दिन यो दिवस विश्वमै पहिलो पटक मनाइएको थियो । महिलाहरुलाई स्वतन्त्रतापूर्वक बाच्न र घर बाहिर निस्कनसमेत वन्देज थियो ।
महिलाहरु त्यस्तो तानाशाह शासनको अन्त्य गरी उन्मुक्ति हुन चाहन्थे । त्यसको नेतृत्व मिरावेल परिवारका तीनजना दिदी बहिनीहरु पेट्रिया, मिनर्मा र मारियाले गरेका थिए ।
सन १९६०मा तत्कालीन त्रुजीलो तानाशाही सरकारले ति तिन दिदी बहिनीहरुको निर्मम हत्या ग¥यो । उक्त हत्यालाई लिड्गको आधारमा हुने राजनैतिक हिंसाको रुपमा लिने गरिन्छ ।
उनीहरुको सम्मान र सम्झनामा सोह्र दिने अभियान मनाऊन थालिएको हो । लैंगिक हिंसाका कुरा गर्दा सदियौदेखि उत्पीडन भोग्दै आएका नेपाली महिलाहरुको इतिहास पनि पल्टाउन जरुरी छ । नेपाली महिलाले पनि लैंगिक हिंसा अन्त्य र महिलाको अधिकार स्थापित गर्नको लागी गरेको योगदान कम मर्मस्पशी छैन । वि.स १९९८ मा योगमाया न्यौपानेले लैंगिक आधारमा गरिने विभेदको अन्त्य गरी अधिकार प्रत्याभुत गर्नका लागि तत्कालिन राणा शासनको विरोधमा ६८ अनुयायीसहित अरुण नदीमा आत्मादाह गरेकी थिइन ।
नेपालमा भने १६ दिने अभियान विशेष गरी १९९७ देखी मनाउन थालिएको हो । १९९७ देसख हालसम्म आइपुग्दा महिलामाथि हुने हिंसाका सम्बन्धमा व्यापक आवाजहरु उठेका छन् । अहिले खुलेर छलफल ,वहस चलेका छन् । हामीले यस्ता वहस चलाई रहँदा महिलामाथि हुने हिंसा के हो ,के होइन वा महिलाले नै महिलामाथी हिंसा गर्छन्, यो त पुरुष विरोधी अभियान हो भन्नेहरु पनि कम छैनन् । फेरी महिलामाथि हुने हिंसा महिलाको वा महिलाको क्षेत्रमा काम गर्ने संस्थाको जिम्मा वा चासोको बिषय हो भन्ने पनि छन् यो समाजमा । यो अभियान चलाइरहँदा विभिन्न बलात्कारका घटनाहरु सार्वजनिक भैरहेका छन् । सडकहरु तातीरहेका छन् । राज्य उदासिन वन्दा नागरिकले न्याय पाउन सकेका छैनन् । बलात्कार जस्तो जघन्य अपराधलाई कथित ईज्जतको नाममा ढाकछोप गर्ने , गाँउ समाज मैं आर्थिक प्रलोभन वा धाक धम्की दिएर मिलापत्र गराउनाले बलात्कारीको मनोवल बढी उ फेरी अर्को अपराध गर्न तिर लाग्छ । दैनिक ७ वटा बलात्कार, बलात्कारपछि हत्या भइरहेको छ । कोरोनाकाल वा वन्दीको समयमा नै लैंगिक हिंसाका कारण ४७ महिलाको हत्या तथा बालबालिकामाथि हुने हिंसा कहाली लाग्दो अवस्था छ ।

नेपाल प्रहरीको पछील्लो ६ महिनाको (चैत२०७६ देखि भदौ २०७६ को तथ्यांकले समेत बलात्कारको संख्या १२२१) भएको देखाउँछ । बलात्कारका घटनाहरु मध्ये ९० प्रतिसत घटना परिचित व्यक्तिबाट, घर छिमेक तथा आफ्नै समुदायमा भएका छन् । यो राज्यकै निकायले, तथ्यांकले साथै महीला र बालबालिकाको अनुभवले बताउँछ । धेरै महिला बालबालिकाहरुले बलात्कार पछाडि अल्पआयुमा आफ्नो ज्यान गुमाउनु परीरहेको छ, निर्मला पन्त (१३ बर्ष), सम्झना बिक (१२ बर्ष ) गुलाब साह खातुन (६ बर्ष ) यी उदाहरण हुन ।
बलात्कृत महिला किशोरीहरुले घटना पश्चात भोग्ने शारीरिक, मानसिक, सामाजिक तथा घरेलु हिंसा झन कष्टकर रहेको छ । किन, बलात्कारका घटनाहरु हाम्रो समाज बढिरहेका छन ? किन पीडित प्रभावितले न्याय प्राप्त गर्ने सहज वातावरण छैन् ? एसिड आक्रमण बोक्सी, बहु–विवाह, दाईजो, यौवन दुब्र्यवहार छाउपडी, भृण हत्या, विवाह दर्ता नगरदिने आदीबाट महिलाहरु अझै हिंसामा परिरहेका छन् । महिलाहरु मात्र हिंसामा परेका छन् भन्ने मात्र पनि होइन, पुरुषहरु पनि महिलाबाट पीडित छन् । महिलाकै कारणले पुरुषहरुको जीवन बर्वाद भएको घटनाहरु पनि छन् । समाजमा यस्ता सिमित घटनाहरु सोच र प्रवृतीका नारीहरु भएपनि समग्रमा नेपाली समाजमा नारीको अवस्था कहालिलाग्दो नै छ ।
लैंगिक हिंसाविरुद्धको अभियान चलाई रहँदा हिंसाको मुल कारणको ’boutमा बहस छलफल हुन जरुरी छ । हिंसाको मुल जड़ पितृसत्तात्मक समाज नै रहेकोले समाज परिवर्तनका लागि यो अभियान चलाउन जरुरी छ । पितृसत्तात्मक सत्ता एउटा मानसिक सामाजिक प्रणाली हो । यस्ले पुरुषहरु उत्तम हुन्छन् र महिलाहरु निम्न भन्ने धारणा राख्दछ र बुझ्दछ । जबसम्म यो धारणाको अन्त हुदैन, तबसम्म लैंगिक हिंसा न्युनीकरणमा चुनौतीको सामना गर्नुपर्ने हुन्छ । नारीलाइ एउटा बस्तुभन्दा माथि नसम्झने पितृसत्तात्मक सोच हो उक्त सोचमा आधारित भएर पैतृक संपत्तिमा महिलाको पहँुच नहँुनु, दोस्रो दर्जाको नागरिकका रुपमा हेरीनु, बुझाउनु र बुझिनु । त्यसमाथि परम्परागत मुल्य मान्यता र अन्धविश्वासले हिंसालाई बढुवा दिएको छ । लैंगिक हिंसा न्युनीकरणका लागि हामीले सांस्कृतिक र मानसिक तहमा नै कठिन र लामो संघर्ष निरन्तर जारी राख्नु पर्छ । साथै महिलाहरुले पनि आफ्नो मुक्तिको लागि रुढÞिवादी, प्रतिक्रियावादी सोचहरुलाई पन्छाएर प्रगतिशील विचार अगाडि बढनु पर्छ ।

अन्तत हाल हिंसा बढेको हो की हिंसाका घटनाहरु प्रहरीमा आउने वा सार्वजनिक हुने अवस्था बढेको हो ? त्यो अनुसन्धान र तथ्यांकले बताउने नै छ । सरकारी, गैरसरकारी संस्थाहरुको निरन्तर पैरवीले र संचारको सहयोगले जनचेतना बढेको छ । हिंसा अन्त्य गर्न व्यक्ति समाज तथा हामी सबैको ऐक्यबद्धताले मात्र सम्भव हुन्छ । यो अभियान शहरदेखि गाउँ–गाउँका झुपडीसम्म पुग्न् सकोस् । यो अभियान समाज परिवर्तन को आधार बन्न सकोस् ।

स्रोतटिका सिवाकोटी आचार्य
अघिल्लो लेखमाभारतमा कोरोनाले मृत्यु हुनेको संख्या १ लाख ३७ हजार नाघ्यो
अर्को लेखमाइनरुवाका विद्यालयहरुमा आजबाट ठूला कक्षाको पठनपाठन सुरु

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